Job hunting for medical graduates in Malaysia: What are the challenges?

The long waiting period for housemanship is not a new issue in Malaysia. Though the goverment has taken various steps to shorten the period, sadly we still cannot see an end to this. During the wait, medical graduates are allowed to work in other sectors. However, there are many challenges of job hunting for medical graduates, especially for those with zero working experience.

Why the long wait for housemanship?

Malaysia produces a total of 5,000-6,000 medical graduates each year due to the mushrooming of medical schools years back. Yet, the country’s healthcare facilities are insufficient to accommodate all medical graduates. As a result, after graduating, one has to wait for months to get a housemanship placement in a government facility.

“The current waiting period is nine months because of Covid-19. It was previously six,” said Prof Datuk Dr Subramaniam Muniandy, the president of Malaysian Medical Association (MMA). The period is intensely long considering one may be jobless for more than half a year! 

As of November 2020, a total of 1,305 medical graduates are still waiting for their housemanship training

Ministry of Health (MOH)

Challenges of job hunting

There are some challenges of job hunting for medical graduates that are universal to all fresh graduates, but some are unique to those graduating with a medical degree. Five fresh medical graduates shared their stories and struggles in job hunting, with a long wait looming and the anxiety about keeping their clinical skills and knowledge updated.

Limited job opportunities in some areas

K chose e-commerce since there are no other better options for her in her hometown. “I found most jobs require me to work in the big city like Kuala Lumpur. I would not be able to afford financially due to the high cost of living there. On the flip side, I get to save money working in my hometown. However there are not many jobs available especially during this pandemic,” she said.

Another medical graduate, D who currently works as a graphic designer, faced the same problem. “I live in Ipoh, where the job opportunities for fresh graduates aren’t that great to begin with. Wanting a job in the medical field is narrowing that scope even more.” They are not the only ones. Interviews with a number of job seekers conducted by a local news company revealed that they find big cities like Kuala Lumpur offer better and more job opportunities. To add to the problem, the pandemic has affected the country’s economy greatly. Over 30,000 businesses had to shut down since the pandemic till September 2020.

Being seen as overqualified/underqualified

Another problem arises for medical graduates who manage to find job opportunities: “You are overqualified for this position.” A medical graduate from a private university, F shared his experience. “ I got rejections when I applied for the positions of dental surgery assistant, pharmacy assistant and clinic assistant. They think I am overqualified for the jobs which only require qualifications like SPM and diploma,” he said.

For D, the same issue occurred when an insurance company declined her application for a clerical assistant position. Not only that, D also experienced rejection for being underqualified. “I applied for a medical assistant job at a clinic. After submitting my resume, the administrator informed me that the available position was for a radiologist. I am not qualified for the position as a medical graduate,” D told. 

Most jobs require one to have at least 3-4 year experiences or expertise in the related fields but I’m just a fresh grad

job hunting for medical graduate

Low salary

“The pay rate in my area, Kulim is not that high, only around 1k to 1.5k. I have to move to a bigger city for a higher amount,” said F, a patient care consultant in KL. S, who has been job hunting since her graduation in December last year, opines the same. “Jobs in the city centre definitely offer higher wages compared to my hometown in Klang. But meanwhile,I have to pay for the higher living cost,” she pointed out.

With the low pay that junior entry level jobs offer, it is not surprising that medical graduates find it hard to get a job that is suitable for them. It is even worse for those who have to pay for their student debts with the low salary, or have dependents who need their financial support.

Unsure of the waiting duration

“I applied for a clinic assistant position but was rejected. The employer prefers a staff who is able to work for a long period. I am not sure when I will start my housemanship. Thus, I cannot give the employer any promises,” told M, who now works as a part time driver. “I have no other better choices since there are not many short-term vacancies available during this pandemic,” he stated.

For their housemanship training, a nine month wait is just an estimation. Graduates are not well-informed on how long exactly they have to wait to be employed by MOH. According to the Health Minister Datuk Seri Dr Adham Baba, placement offers are still subject to the vacancies available. The Covid-19 pandemic has made the condition worse by further extending the wait. Due to the uncertainty, medical graduates could only fill temporary jobs which offer a few month contracts. This limits them in their job hunting.


During the waiting period, S is in a dilemma of whether to work in a medical-related field or a non-medical related one. She raised her concern by saying: “I can be facing lots of difficulties when entering housemanship later as I may forget the clinical knowledge and skills during this long waiting period. Therefore working in a medical related field will definitely help me to refresh the knowledge and skills. But at the same time, I wish to do something unrelated to medicine and learn other skills since I have all the time in the world now.”

Medical graduates with this dilemma face problems when job hunting since they are not sure what best to do during the period.

The waiting period is too long, I am afraid that my medical knowledge and skills will fade with time. If this happens, I will be less competent when I am a houseman


What can medical graduates do to remain updated in medicine during the wait?

According to the Ebbinghaus forgetting curve, humans tend to halve their memory of newly learned knowledge within days or weeks unless they consciously review the learned material. To overcome this, the medical graduates suggested attending medical webinars and Facebook live sharing sessions. Besides, doing revision using lecture notes and textbooks helps. Joining online courses is also a way to improve and refresh medical knowledge.

Addressing the challenges faced by medical graduates while job hunting is important so that future medical graduates are thoroughly ready for them. Medic Footprints Malaysia understands the struggles and we are here to help you. We are now offering jobs for medical graduates who are waiting for their housemanship placement.

If you are interested in finding out more about non-clinical jobs for doctors in Malaysia, check out our job vacancy and find inspiration from medical doctors who’ve made a career change in Malaysia in our case studies. Check out Medic Footprints Malaysia , and follow our MF Malaysia Instagram and Facebook pages to stay updated on our events, webinars, job vacancies and more. and more. .

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